Qiang Nationality's Characteristic Culture

Dixi Songpinggou Tourist Scenic Area is located in the central area of Qiang culture. The local residential buildings are mainly Yangjiao Tower and Qiang Diao with strong Qiang culture atmosphere. Every household worships white stone and has a fire pond, which reflects the original Qiang culture characteristics.

The Qiang people are an ancient people in Western China. They call themselves "Rimai" and "Erma", and they are called "the people on clouds". Legend has it that 5000 years ago Yandi tribe and Huangdi tribe fought, after the defeat Yandi led most of them to merge with Huangdi tribe, forming the Chinese (Han nationality); a small number of them moved west and moved south, merging with local indigenous people, forming Qiang, Tibetan, Yi and so on.

Qiang nationality architecture

Qiang Architecture is most famous for its towers, Yangjiao Towers, stone masonry houses, cable bridges, trestles and weirs.

The Qiang language calls the blockhouse "Qiongcage". As early as 2000 years ago, there were records in The Book of the Later Han Dynasty, Biography of Southwest Yi: Ran Yuren, who lived according to the mountains, built rocks as houses, and had a height of more than ten Zhangs. Blockhouses are mostly built near villages'houses, which are used to resist the enemy and store grain and firewood. Generally, they are built near villages' houses. The height of the towers ranges from 10 to 30 meters, and their shapes include four corners, six corners and eight corners, some of which are as high as thirteen or fourteen floors. The building materials of the towers are stone flakes and yellow clay. The wall foundation is 1.35 meters deep and is made of stone. The inside of the stone wall is perpendicular to the ground, and the outside inclines slightly from bottom to top.

Qiang Costume

The traditional dress of the Qiang nationality is that men and women wear linen gowns, sheepskin shoulders, bald headdresses, belts and legs. Both men and women wear a sheepskin vest, commonly known as "fur jacket". On sunny days, the wool is inward, and on rainy days, the wool is outward to prevent rain. Another kind of vest is made of wool felt, slightly longer than the former. Men's long clothes over the knees, braided handkerchiefs, belts and leggings are mostly made of linen or wool. They usually wear straw shoes, cloth shoes or cowhide boots. I like wearing sickles and knives with coral on my belt. Women's shirt length and ankle, collar inlaid with plum-blossom silver ornaments, edges, cuffs, collars and other places embroidered lace, waistband embroidered apron and ribbon, belt also embroidered pattern. Unmarried girls wear braided dishes and embroidered handkerchiefs. Married women comb buns and wrap embroidered headkerchiefs. Cloud shoes on your feet. Like to wear silver hairpins, earrings, earrings, collars, silver medals, bracelets, rings and other accessories.

Qiang women also like to wrap blue or white headkerchiefs. Young women often wrap embroidered headkerchiefs with various colors or overlap them with tiled green cloth, and use two braids to wrap them around their hair. Generally, they wrap square headkerchiefs in winter, embroider various colored patterns, and embroidered headkerchiefs in spring and autumn. Qiang's clothes are simple and gorgeous. Men prefer blue or white headdresses, wear homemade linen long shirts and a sleeveless sheepskin jacket, which can be used for cold protection, rain protection and cushioning. Cloud shoes with nose, embroidered with cloud patterns and ripples, slightly warped toes, leather shoes, cloth shoes, cows wrapped on the feet, wool felt leggings, Leggings have the function of heat preservation and leg protection, young women are also tied with red footbands on the legs, men and women are tied with waistbands. Qiang women like to wear laced clothes, collars and cuffs with plum-shaped silver decorations, laced embroidery ribbons. Wearing silver medals, collars, earrings, rings and rings, wealthy people also set agate, jade and coral on the rings, some with oval "Sewu" on the chest, and coral beads woven with silver silk to pray for blessings and longevity.

Qiang customs

Qiang people generally drink liquor known as Kajiu, Maoxian Qiang language known as "Rimaixi", meaning Qiang people's liquor. Liquor is made by boiling and mixing barley with koji, sealed in the jar, and fermented for 7 - 8 days before drinking. Qiang people drink alcohol in turn, not with drinking utensils, but with a thin bamboo tube to suck, drinking in order of length, take turns to drink, and constantly inject cold boiled water, until the taste is light.

Every festival, wedding, funeral, sacrifice, party, guest or change of labor, in addition to rich food, but also necessary wine. As a Qiang proverb says, "It's difficult to sing without wine, to sing with wine, to sit without wine, and to entertain without song." The wine brewed during the Double Ninth Festival is called Chongyang Wine. It needs to be stored for more than one year before drinking. Because of the long storage time, the wine is purple red, and the wine is mellow and fragrant. It is an indispensable wine during the Double Ninth Festival. Another kind of beverage, called steamed wine, is made from corn flour steamed and mixed starter, which is similar to the mashed grains of the Han nationality. Regardless of the New Year's Festival or the reception, the Qiang people take "nine" as their luck, so they have to put nine bowls at the banquet, and the dishes are the same as those of Sichuan cuisine. Stewed whole chicken, used to use bamboo sticks to support the chicken head, so that it is high. Guests are served with chicken heads (such as uncles, etc.).

Qiang people's daily cooking utensils are also very characteristic. They often set up an iron tripod on a fire pond. When cooking, they put the iron pot on it to heat or bake food. The elegant iron tripod also has silver ornaments on it.

Qiang taboo

When a woman delivers, she wears a shackle or a back pocket outside the door, so that no outsiders are allowed to enter.

Hang a red note on the door when there is a patient at home. Do not let outsiders visit.

You can't cross a fire pond, step on a tripod, or bake shoes, socks and clothes on a tripod.

Avoid sitting on doorsteps and stairs; don't cross your chopsticks on the bowl after meals, and don't turn your glass upside down.


Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province

Maoxian Xiqiang Avenue

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